Originally a secret, ritualistic society organized by Philadelphia garment workers, it was open to all workers, including African Americans, women, and farmers. The Knights grew slowly until they succeeded in facing down the great railroad baron, Jay Gouldin an strike.
Bloomgarten, the millionaire, known in the States as the Clam King, had, for his sins, more money than he knew what to do with. So he determined to persecute some of his poor but happy friends with it. They had never done him any harm, but he resolved to inoculate them with the "source of all evil.
But he was a man of strange fancies and superstitions, and it was an inviolable rule with him never to make a gift that was not either one dollar or some power of seven—such as 7, 49,2, which numbers of dollars are produced by simply multiplying sevens together.
Another rule of his was that he would never give more than six persons exactly the same sum. Now, how was he to distribute the 1, dollars?
You may distribute the money among as many people as you like, under the conditions given. Four brothers—named John, William, Charles, and Thomas—had each a money-box. The boxes were all given to them on the same day, and they at once put what money they had into them; only, as the boxes were not very large, they first changed the money into as few coins as possible.
After they had done this, they told one another how much money they had saved, and it was found that if John had had 2s. Now, when I add that all four boxes together contained 45s. A number of market women sold their various products at a certain price per pound different in every caseand each received the same amount—2s.
What is the greatest number of women there could have been? The price per pound in every case must be such as could be paid in current money. He says that the ladies who come alone to his place for refreshment spend each on an average eighteenpence, that the unaccompanied men spend half a crown each, and that when a gentleman brings in a lady he spends half a guinea.
On New Year's Eve he supplied suppers to twenty-five persons, and took five pounds in all. Now, assuming his averages to have held good in every case, how was his company made up on that occasion?
Of course, only single gentlemen, single ladies, and pairs a lady and gentleman can be supposed to have been present, as we are not considering larger parties. I pointed out to her that if she had divided the same money equally between beef and sausages she would have gained two pounds in the total weight.
Can you tell me exactly how much she spent? Sunniborne; "but a lady who could pay such prices must be somewhat inexperienced in domestic economy. I paid a man a shilling for some apples, but they were so small that I made him throw in two extra apples. I find that made them cost just a penny a dozen less than the first price he asked.
How many apples did I get for my shilling? A man went recently into a dairyman's shop to buy eggs. He wanted them of various qualities. Pg 4 The salesman had new-laid eggs at the high price of fivepence each, fresh eggs at one penny each, eggs at a halfpenny each, and eggs for electioneering purposes at a greatly reduced figure, but as there was no election on at the time the buyer had no use for the last.
However, he bought some of each of the three other kinds and obtained exactly one hundred eggs for eight and fourpence.
Now, as he brought away exactly the same number of eggs of two of the three qualities, it is an interesting puzzle to determine just how many he bought at each price. Can you tell just how many persons received the present, and how he could have managed the distribution?
That odd penny looks queer, but it is all right. Two ladies went into a shop where, through some curious eccentricity, no change was given, and made purchases amounting together to less than five shillings.
What is the smallest possible amount of their purchases—both different? The Chinese are a curious people, and have strange inverted ways of doing things.The 20th century was a time of enormous changes in American life. The beginning of the 21st century seems a suitable time to look back over the past years and see how the United States has developed, for better and worse, during that period of its history.
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Weber’s discovery was one that ﬁt perfectly with the orientation of the age, with its focus a new domain was open to quantitative analysis and mathematics. interesting to see how academic careers in late 19th century Germany continue to present-day America.
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century the government—believing it was rescuing Indians from irrelevance and marginalization—again attempted to replace native cultures with White American values. The 19th century was an era of rapidly accelerating scientific discovery and invention, with significant developments in the fields of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, electricity, and metallurgy that laid the groundwork . The 20th century was a time of enormous changes in American life. The beginning of the 21st century seems a suitable time to look back over the past years and see how the United States has developed, for better and worse, during that period of its history.
See also Blumenthal, ; Blumenthal, ; Blumenthal, The 19th century was an era of rapidly accelerating scientific discovery and invention, with significant developments in the fields of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, electricity, and metallurgy that laid the groundwork .
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century the government—believing it was rescuing Indians from irrelevance and marginalization—again attempted to replace native cultures with White American values.
Transcribers note: Many of the puzzles in this book assume a familiarity with the currency of Great Britain in the early s. As this is likely not common knowledge for those outside Britain (and possibly many within,) I am including a chart of relative values.